The headquarters office is co-located with the Defense Logistics Agency at Fort Belvoir. AFPET is commanded by an Air Force colonel with a senior-level civilian as deputy director. The organization is composed of three directorates -- Operations Support, Mission Support and Product Support -- and six area aerospace laboratories with worldwide presence. The directorates provide services to customers and coordination with business partners and act as the single point of contact for most AFPET work. AFPET directly communicates with industry, governmental agencies, other military services, and NATO countries as well as all levels of organizational structure within the Air Force.
AFPET has a geographically separated presence and a fuel laboratory at Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio along with other fuel laboratories at Vandenberg AFB, California; Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida; RAF Mildenhall, England; Kadena Air Base, Japan; and a contingency laboratory at a forward deployed location in Southwest Asia.
Additionally, AFPET maintains an Equipment Management function at Robins AFB, GA.